Hadrian's Wall - What is it?
Hadrian's Wall Facts:
When: Hadrian's Wall was constructed in 122AD
What: It is a huge wall that stretches right across the North of England, named after the Emperor Hadrian.
Why: The Romans built it to separate Roman land in Britain from Scotland and defend it from the attacking Scottish tribes.
How: It took about 15,000 soldiers around 14 years to build the whole wall from stone and earth.
Did you know: The wall is 73 miles long, 3 metres wide and between 3.5 and 6 metres high!
The Structure of Hadrian's Wall:
Forts: There were 16 forts along the total length of Hadrian's Wall. Each were home to approx 600 soldiers.
Milecastles: Were fortified gateways through which soldiers could patrol the wall. Built every Roman mile along the wall. Each Milecastle was home to approx. 20 soldiers.
Turrets: Were tall viewing points where soldiers could keep watch. There were two Turrets at regular intervals between each Milecastle.