• Imagining History

"Romanisation" of Britain - Handy Info for KS2 Students

Updated: May 4

When the Romans invaded Britain, they brought a lot of exciting new advances in buildings and technology with them. Find out what the Romans brought to Britain:

Public Baths:


The Romans used Public Baths back in Rome. When they invaded they built them all over Britain too.


Roman Public Baths were used to keep clean. They were also a good place to meet friends & catch up on gossip.

What were they like?:

Each Bath House had at least 3 rooms, each was heated to a different temperature a bit like a spa. They warmed these rooms using an clever under floor heating system called a Hypocaust (see below).

Who used it?:

Everyone! The locals loved it just as much as the Romans.


Before the Romans:

The Celts travelled along muddy tracks or beside rivers


The Romans built roads so their armies could travel from place to place & conquer Britain faster


They were built on layers of clay, chalk & gravel to cope with heavy usage & were sloped so water ran off the sides into ditches.

Did you know?:

Roman roads were straight so they could take the shortest route. There were stables and resting places at intervals along each road.

The Hypocaust:


The Hypocaust is an under floor heating system created by the Romans


They laid the floor of buildings on top of pillars of tiles. Warm air from a furnace was then pumped through the gaps between these tiles to heat the floor.


In public bath houses or expensive Villa mansions.

Did you know:

The floor in public baths would sometimes get so hot that you had to wear sandals to stop your feet from burning!

Are you a teacher? Then you'll definitely want Imagining History to bring their Life in Roman Britain - Meet Emperor Claudius & Boudica Interactive workshop to your school.

Our experienced practitioners will bring the characters of the Roman Emperor Claudius and Boudica, Queen of the Iceni, to life for your students.

With full costume and an “in-and-out-of-character” style, our practitioners will help your students to discover first-hand the changes that the Roman Empire brought to Britain, both for better and worse

Find out more here.

Further Reading:

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