"Romanisation" of Britain - Handy Info for KS2 Students
Updated: Feb 10
When the Romans invaded Britain, they brought a lot of exciting new advances in buildings and technology with them. Find out what the Romans brought to Britain:
The Romans used Public Baths back in Rome. When they invaded they built them all over Britain too.
Roman Public Baths were used to keep clean. They were also a good place to meet friends & catch up on gossip.
What were they like?:
Each Bath House had at least 3 rooms, each was heated to a different temperature a bit like a spa. They warmed these rooms using a clever underfloor heating system called a Hypocaust (see below).
Who used it?:
Everyone! The locals loved it just as much as the Romans.
Before the Romans:
The Celts travelled along muddy tracks or beside rivers
The Romans built roads so their armies could travel from place to place & conquer Britain faster
They were built on layers of clay, chalk & gravel to cope with heavy usage & were sloped so water ran off the sides into ditches.
Did you know?:
Roman roads were straight so they could take the shortest route. There were stables and resting places at intervals along each road.
The Hypocaust is an underfloor heating system created by the Romans
They laid the floor of buildings on top of pillars of tiles. Warm air from a furnace was then pumped through the gaps between these tiles to heat the floor.
In public bathhouses or expensive Villa mansions.
Did you know:
The floor in public baths would sometimes get so hot that you had to wear sandals to stop your feet from burning!