The Anglo-Saxon Pagan Gods - A Handy Guide for Kids
Updated: Jul 7
Before they became Christians, the Anglo-Saxons worshipped a variety of pagan gods. Each god was responsible for doing different things, for example: bringing victory in battle, protecting mothers or helping crops grow big and strong.
To encourage a god to do this, the Saxons would have to worship them in the correct way. These gods were a grumpy bunch and it was often difficult to impress them - sometimes the only way to their hearts was by sacrificing (killing) lots and lots of animals or by offering them mountains of gifts.
So, who were these gods? Here's an introduction to the top four.
Woden was the king of the gods. He's a German version of the Viking god Odin. The Anglo-Saxons worshipped a Germanic god because that's where they used to live before coming to England.
Woden was a shapeshifter - so he could transform into the form of any animal. Yes, even a penguin. Though Woden never did transform into a penguin, because penguins are far too cute and cuddly for a mean and angry sky god.
Woden was very wise and had magical powers over both life and death. He had two pet wolves and rode a horse with eight legs - buying new horse shoes for this animal would have cost a fortune!
A day of the week was named after him - Wodensday. Or, as we call it today, Wednesday.
Everyone who loves Marvel knows about Thunor - or, to call him by his more well-known name, Thor.
Thunor was the god of weather. So, if you're were going on a long voyage you'd best hope Thunor would be in a good mood, otherwise he might send lighting and thunder to ruin your day!
Thunor was also a god of blacksmiths. Anglo-Saxons believed that the sound of thunder was made by Thunor using his incredible strength to strike his hammer against his anvil.
Thunor was probably the most famous of all the gods - archaeologists have found loads of pendants devoted to him in Anglo-Saxon graves.
In fact, he was so popular that Thursday was named after him!
Frige was not the god of chilling food. That's a fridge and something entirely different - though my stomach is known for worshipping at the fridge door when I'm really hungry.
Frige was responsible for loads of different things, love, marriage, home, and children. She was worshipped a lot. Anglo-Saxons offered her many gifts, as it was believed she would help them grow a healthy harvest.
We still talk about Frige today, as Friday is Frige's day.
Every culture has one - a god of War. Tiw is the god of war for the Saxons. If you want to win a battle, Tiw is the fella you'd best offer some sacrifices to.
He was a formidable warrior and considered the greatest fighter of all the gods. Why? That's because he had the skills to beat anyone in a fight, despite having only one hand. His other hand was bitten off by a giant wolf called Fenris.
Can you guess what day of the week was named after Tiw? That's right, Tuesday!
We found the following books very handy in researching this article. If you'd like to learn more about the Anglo-Saxons then they are well worth a look.
KS2 Discover and Learn: Anglo-Saxons - The Study Book by CGP Books
Why we like it:
The KS2 Discover and Learn series is fantastic. They are filled with tons of relevant information for primary school children and stuffed with pictures too, what's not to like? Their book on the Anglo-Saxons is an ideal resource for Years 5 and 6 students thanks to some very handy timelines.
Horrible Histories: Smashing Saxons by Terry Deary
Why we like it:
We just love our Horrible Histories! This is another excellent and very accessible read. Filled with hilarious artwork by illustrator Martin Brown, Smashing Saxons has plenty of weird and wonderful facts to share - including a doozy about why wearing a pig on your head is lucky.
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