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Who Was Socrates? A Quick Guide for Kids

Updated: Jun 20, 2023

Socrates was born in 470 BC in Athens and was the first of the Greek philosophers. Like a confused older relative watching the latest Marvel film, he loved asking questions! He’d asked questions like ‘What is justice?’ and through discussion have many different ideas. His questions would make the powerful people he spoke with look a bit thick.

A famous idea of Socrates was that “care of the soul” is one of the most important responsibilities of a person. He also declared “the unexamined life is not worth living." In a nutshell, Socrates wanted us to think about our lives and in doing so be better people.

Socrates didn’t write anything down himself, so how do we know what he thought?

That’s all thanks to his colleagues Plato and Xenophon, as well as Plato’s student Aristotle. Without them, we would have no idea what Socrates philosophised about!

Unfortunately for Socrates, he was widely despised by many powerful people in Athens. That’s what happens when someone regularly makes the powerful look foolish. He was also a critic of Athens’ democracy and played a part in a rebellion. Because of this, he was sentenced to death.

Socrates could have gone into exile and saved his life but instead, he chose to go to trial and stand by his beliefs. Socrates even had an opportunity to escape but chose not to as that could harm his family and friends. Socrates had made a commitment to never do wrong, so that meant to die rather than to live.


If you are a primary teacher then you'll definitely want Imagining History to bring their 'Ancient Greece: Hero Training' Interactive workshop to your school.

Our Award-Winning sessions combine role-play, storytelling, demonstrations, and drama and performance to bring history to life for your students.

In our 'Ancient Greece: Hero Training' workshop your students will learn all about the Myths & Legends of Ancient Greece by walking in the shoes of the great Greek heroes themselves.


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